N.B I have made a sincere effort to try and keep the innuendos to a minimum. I tried, I really did.
In my last post, I outlined how certain simulations of real phenomena were overtaking those real phenomena as what we though of as real – imitations were now realer than real. I suggested that porn is an example of this – and now I want to explore in more detail if and exactly how porn has changed sex.
First, I just want to get clear what I am talking about.The majority of research on this area seems to be exploring whether porn has changed our sexual drives – does it make us want more, or less, or does it make men more violent? These are not the questions I am looking to answer. I want to know if porn has changed our sexual behaviour in the way we have sex.
Furthermore, many will point out that porn has liberalised our views on sex. By making the subject more widely available, it has made it more open. To give an example: my research tells me that anal sex is now more popular than ever. This might suit explanations such as a) porn has made men more violent, and anal sex is seen as a power trip or b) porn has liberalised our views on sex so couples are more open to experimentation/ trying out new things. So if either of these explanations have some truth in them, then yes, porn has changed sex.
What I really want to know is, has porn as the simulation of sex changed the reality of sex. That is, has sex been changed in ways that are solely down to porn being a simulation. A strong answer to this means I’ll have to separate the effects of porn as simulator from porn as liberator or porn as power manifestation.
There happens to be quite a straightforward way of establishing this. Because it is by definition the visual portrayal of sex, we know that porn emphasises the visual over the sensual/ tactile/ feeling. So porn is closer than sex to visual; sex is closer than porn to tactile.
So my guess, at this point, would be: we can establish the effects of the porn simulation by seeing whether an overemphasis on visual aspects has increased relative to the tactile aspects in sex. The first example that springs to mind is plastic surgery.
A little more research, and I’ve come up with a list of ways porn has changed sex, some logic behind each, and some studies to back them up:
· Plastic Surgery: With fake boobs, the emphasis is on appearance, not touch. (There will be some argument that they don’t look good anyway, but I think most would agree at least that porn emphasises the visual over the tactile to a greater degree than exists in ‘reality’). Are women now having more cosmetic surgery? Yes.
· Brazilians: Naomi Wolf, who I’m going to talk about later, gives this fascinating insight from behind enemy lines: ‘(In my gym, the 40-year-old women have adult pubic hair; the twentysomethings have all been trimmed and styled.)’
· If this is not evidence enough, these above two trends are backed up by research from the German Society for Social Scientific Sexuality Research which suggests porn is behind these fashions.
· The above two points are the ones I feel more sure asserting, and the ones for which I have ‘hard evidence’.
· Girl on girl: This is visually arousing for men, as the porn industry seems to have discovered. Women tend to be depicted as voraciously bisexual in porn. As a result, girls apparently feel pressure to participate in girl on girl kissing and threesomes.
· Money-shots: Can argue its based on showing the ejaculation more clearly. It doesn’t seem like something that gives much tactile enjoyment to the woman. I am led to believe that this is a newer phenomenon....though that may just be a strong attempt to believe that my grandparents were not doing this kind of stuff!
It’s easy to see how this process has happened. This all happens because porn is now the primary source of sex education for young men. Monkey see, monkey do – and it becomes typical sexual practice.
So what are the big themes of modern living we can pull out from this? One is an emphasis on the visual, the way things look, over the way things really are (if it still makes sense to say that, given that the way they ‘are’ changes).
Another is the overwhelming power of fashion – I mean, money shots are just ridiculous, with real life people replicating them, just makes me laugh. But more than that, that fashions can drive couples to doing ridiculous acts to imitate porn is quite scary at the same time.
Another point to consider is whether porn is changing our relationship with sex. Naomi Wolf’s article, here, is an interesting one – she believes the prevalence of porn has reduced men’s libido, as they replace sex to an extent with porn. As a result, women suffer and feel pressure to change their behaviour to compete with porn stars (in the ways I suggested above, for example).
I’m not sure I agree entirely with Wolf’s argument – I don’t think she provides much evidence that this is the case other than talking to a few university students. (I don’t blame her – I suppose much of this article is similarly inspired). But porn does represent a new development in our sexual behaviour – and one that happens to be a multi-billion dollar industry.
It so happens that this simulation of sex has led to a huge industry, which did not exist previously (the prostitution industry does not compare). This ties into a big theme of this realer than real stuff: simulations change the reality to create capital opportunities. In modern society, social relationships have been simulated in order to create capital opportunities.